The University of Virginia is committed to provide equal access to information, programs, and activities delivered through its official digital resources. Official digital resources include web sites, web-based applications, digital content, and media used to conduct university business or academic activities delivered through the internet and the University's intranet.
Currently, our policy directs us to meet Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG), specifically the WCAG 2.0/AA standard. As of Jan 18, 2017 the Section 508 refresh has been recorded in the Federal Register and is effective March 20, 2017 requiring compliance for federal agencies by Jan 18, 2018. This updated set of standards incorporates key aspects of the WCAG standard and provides standards for other areas of technology in addition to digital content.
Creating and maintaining accessible content is a journey - not a one and done endeavor. Accessibility should be part of development from the onset of the project. Testing for and maintaining compliance is also an ongoing process. The following links provide resources and guidance to assist in this effort.
- Policy and Standards
- Getting Started: Guidance and Training
- Accessible Document Creation/Remediation
- Development and Testing Tools
- Social Media Accessibility
- Captioning and Audio Description
- Accessibility Information from Major Vendors and Information on Software Titles In Use
- Vendors Under University Contract for Web Accessibility Testing and Remediation
- University Policy: IRM-008: University Information Technology Accessibility
- Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (508/255 Refresh Jan 18, 2017): Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Final Standards and Guidelines
- W3C - Web Content Accessiblity Guidelines: WCAG 2.0 Overview
- Video Introduction to Web Accessibility and W3C Standards
- VPAT 2.0 (October 2017) - Recommended
- WCAG 2.0 Checklist (Simplified) - WebAIM
- Section 508 Checklist (Based on standards prior to Jan 18, 2017) - WebAIM
Resources from peer institutions
- Getting Started with Accessibility (University of Washington)
- Core Skills for Web Developers (University of Minnesota)
- Web Accessibility (Michigan State University)
- Accessibility (Penn State)
- Assistive Technology Initiative (George Mason Univ)
- WebAIM: The best place to start!
- Log into lynda.com with your Netbadge credentials and access a series of Accessibility courses
- Tips for Creating EPub 3 Documents
- National Center on Disability and Access to Education (NACDAE) - Cheatsheets for accessible document creation
- California Community Colleges: Accessible Document Creation
- Microsoft: Office Accessibility Center
- Karen McCall: Best Practices for Accessible Documents and Use of Adaptive Technology for MS Office 2016 (Windows)
Vendors are available to remediate documents. Cost is dependent upon the complexity of the document.
For PDF Remediation:
- Appligent Document Services
Keep in mind that automated testing tools uncover less than 30% of potential accessibility issues. It is important that you also conduct a manual functional test.
- Non Visual Desktop Access (NVDA): a free screen reader
- WAVE by WebAIM
- How To Test Websites for Accessibility - Free Testing Tools (George Mason University)
- Accessibility Testing: Deque Systems - aXe
- University of Illinois - Evaluation and Design Tools (AInspector Sidebar for Firefox, Functional Accessibility Evaluator, Bookmarklets)
- ARIA Authoring Practices 1.1
- Drupal Groups: Accessibility
- WordPress Codex Accessibility
- WordPress Accessibility Team Blog
- W3C Accessibility Testing
- Web Developer Extension for Mozilla-based Browsers - WebAIM
- LevelAccess Color Contrast Checker
- Color Contrast Checker
- Testing Your Page For Color Blindness
- Federal Social Media Accessibility Toolkit
- FaceBook Accessibility
- Social Media Accessibility - FaceBook, Twitter, and YouTube (Queen's College)
- Live Captions - YouTube
- Contribute translated content - YouTube
Information regarding post-production captioning at UVA is maintained by the UVA Library. Our two primary vendors are 3Play Media and cielo24. Having agreed to the state's terms and conditions, we utilize contracts with these vendors originally negotiated by George Mason Univ through VASCUPP.
For information regarding account creation, pricing and services available through each vendor: UVA Library - Accessibility Services - Captioning
More information on captioning and guidance for DIY captioning:
- Best Practices for Captioning: The Captioning Key
- Captioning Matters
- Adding Captions to FaceBook Pages
- YouTube: Subtitles & closed captions
- DIY Captioning Techniques (Ohio State Univ)
- 3Play Media: Everything You Need To Transcribe Videos & Create Closed Captions In-house
Audio descriptions within video are intended for individuals who are blind. It is time intensive, expensive, and an art.
- The Audio Description Project
- Audio Description Associates
- The Visual Made Verbal (Book available through Amazon)
- A very good description of using the text-track method of audio description by Terrill Thompson. The information references his presentation at CSUN 2017 as well as usability research he has done with screen reader users.
Accessibility information for software titles in use at UVA